Iran, Revolutionary Guard, Ayatollah, Foreign Relations, Foreign Policy

Who Makes Iran’s Foreign Policy?

Analysts commonly depict Iran’s Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei, as the prime mover behind the Islamic Republic’s foreign policy. Khamenei is “the head of state, the commander in chief, and the top ideologue,” and Iran’s elected parliament... more
President Obama and President Putin Moscow breakfast meeting back in 2009, before relations soured.

How Should the U.S. Respond to a Russian Cyberattack?

Following the hacking of the Democratic National Committee in 2016, the United States had publicly expressed concern that it could imminently face additional cyber attacks. Public discourse has focused on Russia as a likely culprit, calling... more
Sailors assigned to Navy Cargo Handling Battalion One (NCHB-1) conduct cargo handling operations off the Military Sealift Command ice strengthen container ship MV American Tern (T-AK 4729) for the annual resupply mission for Operation Deep Freeze at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, Feb. 4-12. Wikimedia Commons.

Averting the Battle for Antarctica

A battle for Antarctica? Surely there will be none. After all, when is Antarctica ever in the news? We only hear about the continent when a portion of its ice shelf collapses into the sea and the media concludes it has found the latest evidence of... more
The flags of Association of Southeast Asia Nations (ASEAN) members in ASEAN headquarters in South Jakarta, Indonesia. From left flags of: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.

Could the ASEAN Community bring about a Southeast Asian Identity?

A new chapter in the history of Southeast Asia started on December 31, 2015: the establishment of the ASEAN Community. The ASEAN Community is the manifestation of the vision of its member states – Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR,... more

Is Online Censorship in Iran Thawing or Being Defrosted?

“Dear citizens! Attention please, attention please: Tehran is now free.” Such was the content of an anonymous message widely shared on the messaging app Telegram in the immediate aftermath of the 2016 elections in Iran. The prevailing... more
Região de Mariana - MG, 12/11/2015. President Dilma Rousseff on an areal visit surveying two areas damaged by the breaking of the dams of Fundão and Santarém. Foto: Roberto Stuckert Filho/PR (

How a Mining Disaster is Helping to Overhaul Impunity in Brazil

On November 5, 2015, a tailing dam in the state of Minas Gerais (in the southeast of Brazil) ruptured. It released an estimated fifty million tons of iron ore waste into neighboring areas. It has quickly become the country’s worst environmental... more

In association with the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs