“Perfection Has No Future Tense:” Putin’s Legacy

It is a Russian paradox that, while the results of elections since 2000 have been known in advance, the year before the election is a time of tension and uncertainty. Elections, even rigged elections, act as a focal point for grievances. This year... more

When Robots Go To War: The Future of Unmanned Conflict

That landscape of war and how it is conducted is changing exponentially. For the first time in history, humankind is confronted with the prospect that autonomous robots may join the battlefield. They will come in all shapes and sizes. Some of these... more
Iran, Revolutionary Guard, Ayatollah, Foreign Relations, Foreign Policy

Who Makes Iran’s Foreign Policy?

Analysts commonly depict Iran’s Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei, as the prime mover behind the Islamic Republic’s foreign policy. Khamenei is “the head of state, the commander in chief, and the top ideologue,” and Iran’s elected parliament... more

How Should the U.S. Respond to a Russian Cyberattack?

Following the hacking of the Democratic National Committee in 2016, the United States had publicly expressed concern that it could imminently face additional cyber attacks. Public discourse has focused on Russia as a likely culprit, calling... more

Averting the Battle for Antarctica

A battle for Antarctica? Surely there will be none. After all, when is Antarctica ever in the news? We only hear about the continent when a portion of its ice shelf collapses into the sea and the media concludes it has found the latest evidence of... more

Could the ASEAN Community bring about a Southeast Asian Identity?

A new chapter in the history of Southeast Asia started on December 31, 2015: the establishment of the ASEAN Community. The ASEAN Community is the manifestation of the vision of its member states – Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR,... more

Is Online Censorship in Iran Thawing or Being Defrosted?

“Dear citizens! Attention please, attention please: Tehran is now free.” Such was the content of an anonymous message widely shared on the messaging app Telegram in the immediate aftermath of the 2016 elections in Iran. The prevailing... more

How a Mining Disaster is Helping to Overhaul Impunity in Brazil

On November 5, 2015, a tailing dam in the state of Minas Gerais (in the southeast of Brazil) ruptured. It released an estimated fifty million tons of iron ore waste into neighboring areas. It has quickly become the country’s worst environmental... more

In association with the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs