SPOTLIGHT ON SECURITY
Jason Warner, Editor-in-Chief, and Mark Dietzen, Executive Director (2009-2010)
An Interview with Ambassador John D. Negroponte
Ambassador John D. Negroponte is the Brady-Johnson Distinguished Senior Research Fellow in Grand Strategy and Lecturer in International Affairs at the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University. Ambassador Negroponte served as the first Director of National Intelligence from 2005–2007 and the Deputy Secretary of State from 2007–2009. He also served as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations between 2001 and 2004 and is a four-time ambassador to Honduras, Mexico, the Philippines, and Iraq.
An Interview with Stephen M. Walt
Stephen M. Walt is the Robert and Rene Belfer Professsor of International Relations at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government where he served as Academic Dean from 2002 to 2006. His most recent book, The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy (co-authored with John J. Mearsheimer and published in 2007), was a New York Times bestseller and has been translated into twenty foreign languages.
An Interview with Mary Kaldor
Mary Kaldor is Professor and Co-director of Global Governance at the London School of Economics. Her books include New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era (1999), Global Civil Society: An Answer to War (2003), and Human Security: Reflections on Globalization and Intervention (2007).
A Conversation with President Vincente Fox
Vicente Fox served as the President of Mexico from 2000 to 2006 and is currently a co-President of the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), an international organization representing Christian democratic political parties.
By Tara Murphy
National security is no longer ensured solely by maintaining the sanctity of one’s borders, but is also highly dependent upon a state’s ability to navigate safely through the global commons: the sea, air, outer space, and cyberspace. In recognizing the growing importance of the commons, Tara Murphy investigates the contemporary challenges that the United States faces in formulating its policies in these four increasingly contested arenas.
By Mitchell McNaylor
Although U.S.-based private military companies (PMCs) are widely believed to operate outside of any legal framework, such an understanding is based on a perceived, rather than real gap in jurisdiction. Mitchell McNaylor details how recent attempts by the U.S. Congress to subject PMCs to more stringent legal measures are having unintended consequences that may undermine their ability to be effective agents of security assurance.
By Christian Leuprecht
Why do minority populations often grow faster than majorities? States in dyadic conflict with a minority whose population growth exceeds that of the majority are prone to protective measures to bolster the majority’s grip on power. Under conditions of ethnic control, however, such measures appear to precipitate higher fertility rates among the minority. Christian Leuprecht develops the logic of a demographic security dilemma to account for this pervasive puzzle.
By Nafeez Mossadeq Ahmed
The most urgent dangers to security today come not from terrorism, but from the convergence of global systemic crises, including those of climate change, hydrocarbon energy depletion, economic and financial breakdown, and plummeting food production. Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed argues for the necessity of recognizing the interdependence of these threats on the path towards re-conceptualizing the meaning of ‘security’ today.
By Samantha R. McRoskey
With the announcement that Rio de Janeiro will host the 2016 Olympic Games, global attention has turned to the city’s infamous history of insecurity. Samantha R. McRoskey analyzes the history and causes of the city’s insecurity, and argues that if the Games’ organizers are able to construct and execute a successful plan to ensure spectator safety, the result could be the incorporation of often overlooked developing states into the hosting circuit of the Olympic Games in the future.
By Mark V. Vlasic and Jenae N. Noell
Typically not counted amongst the battles to be waged in the fight for global security, Mark V. Vlasic and Jenae N. Noell argue that stemming corruption through stolen asset recovery programs has the ability to fortify the rule of law and reduce state impunity in the developing world.
By David Aphrasidze and David Siroky
David Aphrasidze and David Siroky analyze the dynamics of development, democracy and conflict in pre- and post-Rose Revolution Georgia, highlighting the nexus of ethnic nationalism, state capacity, and institution building as it relates to future insecurity in the state.
By Matthew Adam Kocher
State capacity has become a central concept in security studies. Matthew Adam Kocher argues that common uses of the concept to explain violent conflict are tautological and instead outlines several approaches to disaggregate the state analytically so as to lead to more rigorous empirical research on violence.
By Joseph Morrison Skelly
Reviewed by Hannah Elka Meyers
By Brett Bowden
Reviewed by Joshua Simon
By John Gannon
Understanding the myriad of evolving challenges facing the U.S. intelligence community
By Nuno Monteiro
How U.S. foreign policy could be more effective through more credible assurances for compliance
By Elisabeth J. Wood
Analyzing wars where sexual violence is rare to help combat sexual violence in the future
By Joseph P. Vasquez, III
The dangers of private military contractors and possibilities for stemming their growth